separate


separate
separate vb Separate, part, divide, sever, sunder, divorce can all mean to become or cause to become disunited or disjoined.
Separate implies a putting or keeping apart; it may suggest a scattering or dispersion of units
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forces that separate families

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separate the parts of a watch

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or a removal of one from the other
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separate a husband from his wife

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the business of government cannot and should not be separated from the day-to-day lives of the human beings who conduct it— T. E. Dewey

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separate the wheat from the chaff

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separated his feelings from his work

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or the presence of an intervening thing or things
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the Atlantic separates Europe from America

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a thousand miles separate the two branches of the family

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"What separates the men and the girls? A fence or something?" "Just foliage, dear, and upbringing"— Wouk

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Part usually suggests the separation of two persons or things in close union or association; often also it suggests a complete or final separation (as by death or violence)
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if aught but death part thee and me— Ruth 1:17

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part two combatants

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Divide commonly stresses the idea of parts, groups, or sections resulting from literal or figurative cutting, breaking, or branching
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divide a pie into six pieces

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divide the government into the executive, legislative, and judicial branches

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he that will divide a minute into a thousand parts— Shak.

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Divide often, in addition, carries an implication of apportioning, distributing, or sharing
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divide the candy among the children

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divide profits

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the grocer got along well with his assistant. They divided tasks and waited on alternate customers— Malamud

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divided his estate equitably among his heirs

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Often divide is used in place of separate, especially when mutual antagonism or wide separation is connoted
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united we stand, divided we fall

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the broad and deep gulf which . .. divides the living from the dead, the organic from the inorganic— Inge

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the suspicion which the Citizens' Committee predicted would divide neighbor from neighbor— Clinton

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Sever adds the implication of violence by or as if by cutting and frequently applies to the separation of a part from the whole or of persons or things that are joined in affection, close affinity, or natural association
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sever a branch from the trunk by one blow of the ax

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sever the head from the body

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severed from thee, can I survive?— Burns

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the hour is ill which severs those it should unite— Shelley

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finding herself severed from formal and religious education, she struggled with a sense of guilt— Hervey

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Sunder often implies a violent rending or wrenching apart
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even as a splitted bark, so sunder v/e—Shak.

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the Romans sundered copper-bearing rock by alternately playing fire and water on it— New Yorker

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man's most significant personal relationship is sundered in an atmosphere of chicanery and buffoonery— Cohn

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Divorce implies the separation of two or more things so closely associated that they interact upon each other or work well only in union with each other
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its academic tendency to divorce form from matter— Day Lewis

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you cannot divorce accurate thought from accurate speech— Quiller-Couch

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Divorce can specifically refer to the legal dissolution of a marriage, a use in which it contrasts with separate which implies a mutually agreed ending of cohabitation without actual legal termination of the marital state.
Analogous words: cleave, rend, split, rive (see TEAR): *estrange, alienate: disperse, dispel, *scatter: *detach, disengage
Antonyms: combine
separate adj 1 *distinct, several, discrete
Analogous words: diverse, disparate, *different, divergent, various: *free, independent
2 *single, solitary, particular, unique, sole, lone
Analogous words: *special, especial, specific, individual: peculiar, distinctive (see CHARACTERISTIC): detached, disengaged (see DETACH)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Separate — (bürgerlich Sebastian Faisst[1]) ist ein deutscher Rapper aus Mainz und Mitgründer des Labels Buckwheats Music. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 2 Diskografie 3 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Separate — Sep a*rate, p. a. [L. separatus, p. p. ] 1. Divided from another or others; disjoined; disconnected; separated; said of things once connected. [1913 Webster] Him that was separate from his brethren. Gen. xlix. 26. [1913 Webster] 2. Unconnected;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Separate — Sep a*rate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Separated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Separating}.] [L. separatus, p. p. of separare to separate; pfref. se aside + parare to make ready, prepare. See {Parade}, and cf. {Sever}.] 1. To disunite; to divide; to disconnect;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • separate — sep·a·rate / se pə ˌrāt/ vb rat·ed, rat·ing vt: to cause the separation of vi: to undergo a separation the couple separated last year compare divorce Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law …   Law dictionary

  • separate — [sep′ə rāt΄; ] for adj. & n., [sep′ə rit, sep′rit] vt. separated, separating [ME separaten < L separatus, pp. of separare, to separate < se , apart (see SECEDE) + parare, to arrange, PREPARE] 1. to set or put apart into sections, groups,… …   English World dictionary

  • separate — [adj1] disconnected abstracted, apart, apportioned, asunder, cut apart, cut in two, detached, disassociated, discrete, disembodied, disjointed, distant, distributed, disunited, divergent, divided, divorced, far between, free, independent, in… …   New thesaurus

  • Separate — Sep a*rate, v. i. To part; to become disunited; to be disconnected; to withdraw from one another; as, the family separated. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • separate — Note the spelling with two as, unlike desperate. The verb is pronounced sep ǝ rayt, and the adjective sep ǝ rǝt …   Modern English usage

  • separate — ► ADJECTIVE 1) forming or viewed as a unit apart or by itself; not joined or united with others. 2) different; distinct. ► VERB 1) move or come apart. 2) stop living together as a couple. 3) divide into constituent or distinct elements. 4) …   English terms dictionary

  • separate — sep|a|rate1 W2S2 [ˈsepərıt] adj [no comparative] 1.) different ▪ Use separate knives for raw and cooked meat. ▪ My wife and I have separate bank accounts. 2.) not related to or not affected by something else ▪ That s a separate issue. ▪ He was… …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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